Life Of Srila Prabhupad – Prabhupad Glories (2023)

YearEvents Happened


Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Saraswati Goswami Prabhupada appeared in Puri Dham, Orissa at 3:30 P.M. on 6 February , 1874 A.D. (Magh 25, 1280 Bengali Year), on Magh Krishna Panchami Tithi according to the lunar calendar. He appeared in the house named Narayan Chata, situated not far from the Jagannath Temple on the Grand Road in Puri that was constantly reverberating with the sound of Harinama.

He appeared as the son of Smt. Bhagavati Devi and Thakur Bhakti Vinode. To the great astonishment of all, he was born with a natural nerve-coil around his neck resembling the sacred thread.

In accordance with the name of Sri Bimala Devi, representing the superior potency of Sri Jagannatha Deva, he was given the name Sri Bimala Prasad.


Receiving the blessings of Sri Jagannath

When he was six months old, it was the time for Sri Jagannath’s Ratha-yatra festival. The Rath (chariot) with the Vigrahas (Deities) of Sri Jagannath Dev stopped at the gate of Thakur Bhaktivinod’s residence and did not move for three days. Mother Bhagavati Devi went up to the Ratha, and approached Lord Jagannath with her six-month-old son in her lap. Of his own motion, the baby extended his arms, thereby touching the lotus feet of Sri Jagannath Dev and was blessed with a garland from Sri Jagannath Dev.

Thakur Bhaktivinod celebrated his Anna-prasana (grain ceremony) with the Mahaprasad of Sri Jagannath Dev on the Ratha.


Return to Ranaghat

When he was just ten months old, He arrived at Ranaghat, Nadia, (West Bengal) with his mother in a Palki (Palanquin) on land route from Puri.


Deity Worship of Kurma-Dev

Thakur Bhakti Vinode built his residence named Bhakti Bhavan at Maniktala in Calcutta (Now Kolkata). While constructing the foundation of the house, he got the Deity of ‘Kurma-Dev’. Bhakti Vinode Thakur taught Bimala Prasad the Mantras and rituals for the worship of ‘Kurma-Deva’.


Training in publishing work

He received training in Printing Press and proofreading in connection to the publication of the periodical ‘Sajjan Toshani’ by Thakur Bhakti Vinode.


Taking Harinama & Narsingh Mantra

While reading in class Five in ‘Serampore Highschool’ at Serampore, he received Harinama with Tulasi beads and Sri Narsingh Mantra from Thakur Bhakti Vinode. He also read Shri Chaitanya Shikshamitra there.


Talent in astrology

While reading in class Eight, he received training in Mathematics and Astrology in which he acquired excellent proficiency under Pandit Mahesh Chandra Churamani and Pandit Sundar Lal. Bimala Prasada started translating from Sanskrit to Bengali two classical astronomical treatises: Siddhanta-Siromani, which he completed and published in 1893; and in 1896 Surya Siddhanta, with its original Sanskrit verses and his own Bengali rendition. Recognizing his extraordinary proficiency and contributions in both the Eastern and Western systems of astrology and astronomical calculations, specifically for his initial unpublished work on Surya Siddhanta, his tutors Pandit Mahesa-Candra Cudamani and Pandit Sundara Lal conferred upon him the title “Siddhanta Sarasvati” when he was just fifteen years old.


Establishment of August Assembly

He held evening meetings at Beadon Square, Calcutta, in which many students and elderly educated people attended. Name of the assembly was ‘Chira-kumara Sabha’ (Association of lifelong bachelors), it is also called August Assembly, whose members took a vow of celibacy, intending to avoid entanglement in family affairs. However, Śrī Siddhanta Sarasvati was the lone member to maintain the pledge throughout life.


Education in Sanskrit College

Saraswati Thakur admitted to the Calcutta Sanskrit College. There once again, instead of studying the books which were on the curriculum, he took to systematically reading all the books in the library. He studied the Veda with the scholar Prithvidhar Sharma.


Establishment of ‘Sarasvata Chatuspati’

Sarasvati Thakur established Sarasvata Chatuspati at Bhakti Bhavan. He made this arrangement so that the astrology education in West Bengal is smooth and the students here do not have to go to Banaras for astrology education. Many educated and important people came there to study astrology including Lala Hara Gauri Shankar, Dr. Ekendranath Ghosh, M.B., Satkori Chattopadhyaya Siddhanta Bhushan, Shyamlal Goswami (the noted scholar of the Nityananda family), Sarat Chandra Jyotir Vinode, etc.


Books published from Sarasvata Chatuspathi

From the Saraswata Catushpathi, Saraswati Thakur published the monthly magazines Jyotirvid and Brhaspati, as well as many ancient astrological works. They are

(1)JyotirbidProthom, dwitiyo, tritiyo borsho Sampurna. Ihate is. (i) Bhaskaracharya siddhantosiromoni grohoganitadhyay somogro mulya, basana vasyo o bonganubad ; (ii) Raghunandan Bhattacharjer jyotishstottoh hora o songhita mul abong herakhonder bonganubad o songhitangsher bibriti ; (iii) Paschatya driksiddhi kujosposto sayan voumosiddhanto ; (iv) Aryabhatter somogro arjo siddhanto mul, poromadishwar krito Sanskrit tika o bonganubad ; (v) Ramchandrer dinkoumudi panjika gonona bishoyok ; (vi) Chamatkarchintamoni bhabfol.

(2)BrihospotiProthom borsho. Ihate (i) Bhaskaracharjer siddhantosiromoni goladhyay basonavasya, bonganubad o biroti (ii) Loghuparashoriyo ba Urdayu Prodip, Bhairab Dutta krito tika o bonganubad bibriti (iii) Laghujatak Bhattyatpol tika soho bonganubad (iv) Paschatya gonit Sayan Chandark drik sfoot.

Surjosiddhanto, rangonath tika, bonganubad. (jontrosto)

(3) Siddhantosiromoni Goladhya.

(4) Siddhantosiromoni grohogonitadhyay.

(5) Jyotishstottoh horakhondo.

(6) Jyotishstottoh songhitakhondo.

(7) Jyotishstottoh somogro (hora o songhita).

(8) Arjosiddhanto somogro paadchotushtoy.

(9) Paschattyo gonit Rabichandra sposto.

(10) Bhoumoshiddhanto.

(11) Chomotkarchintamoni.

(12) Dinkoumudi.

(13) Laghuparashoriyo ba Uruday Prodip.

(14) Laghujatok.

(15) Book of Fate (English Book) (K. Dutta)


Demonstrating the futility of worldly knowledge

A few years later, in when teaching Sanskrit at the Saraswata Chatuspathi in Bhakti Bhavan, he studied Siddhānta-kaumudī with the same Prithvidhar Sharma, and rapidly went through the entire text. Prithvidhar Sharma advised him to devote his life to the study of Siddhānta kaumudi and Sanskrit grammar, but Saraswati Thakur disagreed with him, saying that human life is meant for worshiping the Supreme Lord and not for studying grammar manuals with their verb roots and conjugations, nor for reading mundane poems.

Abandoning material education

While studying at the Sanskrit College, Saraswati Thakur also came into public disagreement with the opinions of the renowned scholar from Kashi, Bapudeva Shastri and the professor Panchanan Sahityacharya.

We can see parallels in the life of Saraswati Thakur and Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, for Saraswati Thakur first engaged in the delights of study and debating during his student life but then turned to exclusively chanting and preaching the Holy Names. In his autobiography, he wrote, “‘If I go on to study at the university, my family will inevitably harass me to get married. On the other hand, if I present myself to the world as a useless fool, no one will try to interest me in that kind of life.’ This was the reasoning that led me to quit the Sanskrit College. I then started looking for an honest means of making my livelihood with minimum effort so that I could lead a life of devotion to the Lord.”


In Tripura

Sarasvati Thakur took a job with the royal family of Tripura, which was then an independent state. He was engaged as associate editor of the royal family’s history, Rāāja-ratnākara. While there, he had the opportunity to study many important books held in the royal library When the Maharaja, Virachandra, left this world on December 11, 1896, his son Radha Kishor Manikya Bahadur was placed on the throne. The new Maharaja engaged Saraswati Thakur as Sanskrit and Bengali tutor for the crown prince, Vrajendra Kishor. Later, he sent Saraswati Thakur to Calcutta with various responsibilities. When Saraswati Thakur expressed a desire to permanently leave the employ of the royal family in 1905, the Maharajah gave him a full pension equal to the salary he had been earning. Saraswati Thakur continued to receive this pension until 1908.


Pilgrimage with Bhakti Vinode

He went out with Thakur Bhakti Binode for pilgrimage to Benaras, Prayag and Gaya and had the opportunity to meet and discuss on Ramanujan School of Vaisnavism with Maha Mahopadhyaya Ram Misra Shastri of Benaras.


Observance of Chaturmasya Vrata

He felt an urge for a life of devotional renunciation and observed the hardships of Chaturmasya Vrata as prescribed in theVaishnava scriptures which enjoins self cooking of one item only, accepting food and lying on the ground without bedding and pillow.


Publication of Nivedan & Bange Samajikata

He published his articles on spiritual subjects in ‘Nivedan’ a weekly magazine from Calcutta. He published a book named ‘Bange Samajikata’ on social dealings in Bengal containing useful informations of the then society and religious life and his views thereon


Bhagavati Diksha by Srila Gour Kishora

Bimala Prasad took initiation from Gaura Kishor Das Babaji on the instructions of Srila Bhakti Binod Thakur. Bimala Prasad was Babaji Maharaja’s only disciple. Babaji Maharaja was an Niskinchan Paramahansa Vaishnava, who had sworn not to take any disciples. When Srila Prabhupada requested for initiation for the first time, Babaji Maharaja replied, “If Mahaprabhu tells me to, I will ”. Despite being turned back repeatedly, Srila Prabhupada did not abandon his resolution. Eventually, Babaji Maharaja was forced to change his decision when his heart melted seeingSrila Sarasvati Thakur’s determination and devotion. He mercifully initiated srila Prabhupad by sprinkling the dust of his lotus feet on his head.


Sarasvati Thakur at Bhakti Kuthi, Puri.

Srila Bhakti Vinode Thakur and Bimala Prasad travelled to Puri. On the way, they visited the holy places Remuna, Bhubaneswar, and Saksi-Gopal.

Next year while Thakur Bhakti Vinode built his ‘Bhakti Kuthi’ adjoining Samadhi of Thakur Haridas on the sea beach Puri, The Maharaja of Cossimbazar Sir Manindra Nandy attended Harikatha of Thakur Bhakti Vinode and of Saraswati Thakur on several occasions during his stay there.

Here Saraswati Thakur met Charan Das Babaji and decried his ‘Sakhi Bheki’ practice and his singing ‘Nitai-Gour-Radhe-Shyam’, no better than a doggerel verse as opposed to what Gour Sundar and Thakur Haridas preached and chanted. He also pointed out its lapses and defections from the high spiritual merit of Mahamantra.

At the Bhakti-kuthi, Saraswati Thakur read and explained “Shri Chaitanya Charitamrita” to Thakur Bhakti Vinode every day.

He was also introduced to the chiefs of almost all maths of Puri viz. Govardhan Math, Samadhi Math, Emar Math, Jamayet School, Paparia Math, Swargadwar Chhata, Gangamata Math, Radhakanta Math, and many respectable persons of Puri. He had religious discourses with them on many occasions.

During this period, Sri Bimala Prasad started collecting materials for the Vaisnava Manjusa (encyclopedia) that Srila Bhakti Vinode Thakur and the newspaper magnate Sisir Kumar Ghosh had requested him to compile. He also conducted much research into the teachings of the acharyas Nimbarka, Ramanuja, and Madhva, comparing their philosophies to that of the Gaudiya School.


Digvijaya in astronomy

His genius in astrology was such that Rajendra Chandra Shasti, who was in the post of Raybahadur under the then British government, was a founding student of Bapu’s Shastri College and a professor of Sanskrit College and a world-renowned scholar of mathematics was defeated by Saraswati Tagore in such a way that the defeated professor excreted inside the court.

Sir Ashutosh Mukherjee, the then First Vice-Chancellor of Calcutta University and Barrister of Calcutta High Court, known as the ‘Tiger of Bengal’, offered him the post of Dean of the Department of Mathematics and Applied Astrology, but the request was politely declined by Sri Saraswati Takur saying that his life was devoted to the service of God. According to him rare life is not just to judge the position of planets and stars.


South India Pilgrimage

In January 1904 Sri Siddhanta Saraswati visited Sitakunda, Candranath, and other religious centers in East-Bengal. In January 1905, he went on atour of SouthIndia. He visited Udupi, the seat of the Madhva community; Sri rangam, the seat of Sri Sampradaya; Sringeri, the southern headquarters of the Sankara’s Sampradaya; and Simhachalam, Tirupati, Rajamahedri, Madras, Perembedur, Kumbhakonam, etc. In Perumbudur, he collected information regarding the acceptance of Tridandi sannyasa initiation from a tridandi sannyasi in Ramanuja’s Sampradaya.


Living in Sri Mayapur and determination to chant the “Harinam” a billion times

Sri Siddhanta Saraswati started the initiative of preaching Mahaprabhu’s instruction in 1905 while residing in Sri Mayapur. During that time, at the age of thirty-one, he took a vow to chant daily at least three lakh “Harinam” without failure until he completed one billion that lasted just over nine years and four months.


First disciple of Srila Prabhupad

In 1906 Sri Rohini Kumar Ghosh, the nephew of Justice Chandra Madhab Ghosh, was the first person to receive initiation from Sri Siddhanta Saraswati following a wonderful dream.


Establishment of Brajpattan

In February 1909, Saraswati Thakura established a residence for bhajana at Sri Chandra Sekhar Bhavan in Sri Mayapur. Considering the place to be the bank of Sri Radhakunda, he carried on his bhajana uninterruptedly.

Pastimes with Srila Gaurakisora das babaji Maharaj

Srila Saraswati Thakur often sent fruits and vegetables grown in Mayapur to his gurudeva. Srila Babaji Maharaja would accept them with great love and reverence and accept the remnants after offering them to Lord Nityananda. When Srila Saraswati Thakur visited him, he would voluntarily take his own foot dust and smear it on Srila Saraswati Thakur’s head, thereby showing his affection. However, at the same time, he would scold others desiring to touch his feet.

Once when Sri Siddhanta Saraswati came to see him, he was found to be residing in a latrine. He told Srila Saraswati Thakur, “Go and bring Bhakti Vinode Prabhu from the world of Kali to Godruma. People are attacking me with their annoying talk”. Srila Saraswati Thakur, who knew very well that this was a test, respectfully asked, “Does Srila Bhakti Vinode Thakur not always reside in Sri Radha Kund? Don’t you always reside in Radha Kund?” He continued, “The pastime of you entering a latrine is just to inform those who desire the excreta of money, women, and prestige of their miserable condition.”

Srila Babaji Maharaja replied, “Yes, yes, I know that Bhaktivinode Prabhu and yourself are non-different manifestations of Sri Nityānanda Prabhu. All your activities are based on Mahāprabhu’s desire. How can insignificant people understand you?”

Srila Saraswati Thakur never maintained any relationship with the pseudo-devotees who considered themselves as disciples or associates of Srila Babaji Maharaja but never understood his real glories or instructions.


Proving the eternity of the Gaur Mantra according to the Vedicscriptures.

in 1911, a debate meeting, some People challenged that the name Gaur in the Gayatri mantra by Gaudiya Vaishnavism was not the eternal name of God, not found in the original Vedas, and that Sri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu was not God, but rather his own confession that he was a devotee of God.

Although it is clearly established by Chaitanya-Bhagavata and Chaitanya-charitamrita that Sri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu himself is Lord, there were some people who did not believe this decision. Because they did not find any evidence of this decision in the Vedas. They claimed that the Gaur-mantra is not an eternal Vedic mantra.

Thakur Siddhanta Saraswati cites evidence from the Shruti, especially from the Chaitanyapanishad in the Atharva Veda:

“sa hovaca: rahasyam te vadisyami, jahnavi-tire navadvipe

golokakhye dhamni govindo dvibhujo gaurah sarvatma

maha-puruso mahatma maha-yogi trigunatitah sattva-rupo

bhaktim loke kasyatiti. Tad ete sloka bhavanti”

Brahma said: “I shall tell thee a secret! On the bank of the Jahnavi, at Navadvipa, which is called Goloka Dhama, shall Govinda, in a two armed form, as Gaura, the Great One, the Great Mystic, Who is transcendental to the three modes of material nature, and Whose form is eternal, reveal Bhakti to the world! There are a number of verses in that regard.”

Citing evidence from the Upanishads as well as other memoirs, Tantras, Puranas and especially from Srimad-Bhagavatam, Saraswati Thakur addressed a large gathering at the big arena of Navadvipa, where many learned scholars gathered under the leadership of Sri Madhusudan Goswami Sarvabhauma. He emphatically and brilliantly proved the eternity and majesty of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu’s name, form, qualities etc. Unbeknownst to Saraswati Tagore, Srila Gaurkishore Das Babaji sat in a corner of the meeting and listened to Saraswati Thakur’s entire speech and was overjoyed. The Gaudiya Vaisnavas who listened to the discourse were all overjoyed and began to chant the glory of Siddhanta Saraswati Thakur again and again.


Cossimbazar Sammilani

He attended the 3rd occasion of Kashimbazar Sammilani at the palace of Maharaja Sir Manindra Candra Nandi Bahadur as a guest. It began on March 21, 1912, and continued for four days. During his lecture, he boldly spoke on the pure Vaisnava practices that were not properly appreciated. Noticing the averse mentality of the audience and the mundane endeavors of the so-called preachers in satisfying them, he displayed his protest by not accepting any food except Tulasi leaves during his stay for four days before returning to Mayapur.


Preaching and parikrama

On November 4, along with several devotees, Srila Saraswati Thakura visited different places of pastimes of Mahaprabhu’s associates like Srikhanda, Jajigrama, Katwa, Jhamatpura, Akaihata, Chakhandi, Daihata, etc. In all those places, he spoke on the essence of pure devotional service.


Kalighat Bhagabat Printing Press and Preaching Center

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He established a press named Bhagabat Printing Press at 4 Sahnagar Lane, Kalighat, and Kolkata. From that press, ‘Sri Caitanya Caritamrta’ with his self-composed ‘Anu-bhasya’ commentary, ‘Srimad Bhagavad Gita’ with his commentary, the epic poem ‘Gaura Krishnodaya’ by the Orissa poet Govinda Dasa, etc. were printed. He also started preaching from that center.

Meeting Srila B.K. Audulomi Maharaja (Pramod Bihari Guha Thakurta)

While residing at this preaching center, he met Sri Pramod Bihari Guha Thakurta of Barisal, who had approached Srila Saraswati Thakur along with his friend, owing to his excellent reputation as a learned scholar and great astronomer. At that time, Sri Pramod Bihari Guha Thakurta was aged 18 and was reading in Matriculation. His intelligence, amiability, and demeanor immediately attracted Srila Saraswati Thakura, who welcomed Sri Pramod Bihari to stay with him for 5-6 days. Sri Pramod Bihari received Harinama and Diksa initiation from him soon and was named Sri Patitpavan Brahmachari. He later accepted the Tridanda Sannyas from srila Prabhupad at Mathura and was named Tridandi Swami Srimad Bhakti Keval Audulomi Maharaja, who adorned the seat of Acarya and President of Gaudiya Mission.

1914Disappearance of Srila Bhaktivinode Thakuron 23 june, Srila Bhaktivinoe Thakur revealed his disappearance from the Calcutta Bhakti-bhavan. 27 December, Srila Prabhupad established a Puspa-Samadhi temple for the purpose of Srila Bhaktivinode Thakur at Sananda Sukhda Kunj, where he celebrated a three-day separation festival.
1915Bhagavad Printing Press from Kolkata to Sri MayapurAfter Srila Bhaktivinode Thakur’s disappearance on June 23, 1914 Srila Prabhupad took over the editorship of Sajjana-tosani, the monthly magazine founded by Srila Bhaktivinode Thakur. In January of 1915, the press was moved to Vraja-pattana in Mayapur and more books continued to be printed. On June 14, 1915, the Anubhashya commentary to Chaitanya Charitamrita was completed at Vraja-pattana. In July of 1915, the printing press was again moved to Krishnanagar, and Sajjana-tosani and various books written by Srila Bhaktivinode Thakur were published from there.
1915Disappearance of Srila Gaura Kisora Das BabajiOn 17th Nov 1915, Srila Gaura Kisora Das Babaji manifested disappearance pastime and was given samadhi in chara land of Navadvipa town by Srila Sarasvati Thakura according to the rules of Samskar Deepika as prescribed by Srila Gopal Bhatta Goswami. His blessed advice to Srila Prabhupad is – “To preach sat Sandarbha by keeping aside all works.”
1918Tridanda SannyasaIn order to widely distribute the instructions of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu throughout the world as a religious preacher, Srila Sarasvati Thakura accepted the renounced order of life or ‘Tridanda Sanyasa’ on the day of Gaura Purnima, 7th March, 1918 following the Vedic rites and rituals at Sri Mayapur.
1918Establishment of Chaitanya MathAt the residence of Sri Chandrashekhar Acharya, he established Sri Caitanya Math for spreading pure bhakti and installed the deities of Sri Guru, Gauranga and Sri Vinod Pran ji.
1918Bhaktivinode Asana (The First Gaudiya Math in Kolkata)To increase the preaching work in Calcutta, in November 1918, Srila Prabhupada established a center at Ultadingi Junction Road in Kolkata, named Sri Bhaktibinod Asan (the first Gaudiya Math was established at that time.). From there he traveled to various cities in India to preach the message of Srimanmahaprabhu. On September 6, 1920, deities of Guru and Gauranga, Radha and Govinda, were installed at the Bhaktivinode Asan.
1919Vishva Vaishnava Raja SabhaOn 5 February, 1919 he re-established Vishva ‘Vaishnav Raja Sabha’ at the Bhaktivinode Asan.

Navadeep Dham Parikrama

On 14 March, Srila Saraswati Thakur re-introduced Sri navadvipa dham Parikrama.

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1920The First Sannyas DiscipleOn November 1, 1920, Mahamahopadeshak Srimad Jagadish Bhakti Pradip Vaishnav Siddhanta Bhushan Sampradai Baibhavacharya B.A. an initiated disciple of Thakur Bhaktivinode was elevated by him to the order of Tridanda Sannyas with designation “Tridandi Swami Srimad Bhakti Pradip Tirtha” as the first initiated Sanyasi member of Viswa Vaishnav Raj Sabha.

Preaching and Establishing Maths in BengalAfterwards, Saraswati Thakur visited Dhanbad, Katrasgarh and Dhaka. In Dhaka, he spoke on the Bhagavata’s “janmādyasya” verse for an entire month, explaining it in thirty different ways. On 13 October, 1921, he established the Madhva Gaudiya Math in Dhaka. On October 31, deities were installed and a great feast held in their honor. From Dhaka, he went on to Mymensingh for preaching.

After this, he returned to Nabadwip where he reestablished the worship of Gaur Gadadhar at Champa Hati. He also performed a deity installation at the birthplace of Vrindavan Das Thakur in Modadrum Dwip. Then he returned to Calcutta to preach there and in the surrounding area.


Sri Purushottam MathAccording to Padma Purana, hyutkale purusottamāt, the pure message of the Vaishnava religion would spread out of Jagannath Puri. In order to do honor to this prediction, Saraswati Thakur established the Sri Purushottam Math at Bhakti Kuti on June 9, installing a deity of Gauranga Mahaprabhu. Then, in the spirit of Mahaprabhu, he and his followers participated in the cleaning of Gundicha, performed the parikrama of Jagannath Puri and went to Alalanath during Jagannath’s anavasāra period when he was taken off the temple altar. He instituted an annual memorial festival at the Purushottam Math in honour of Srila Bhaktivinode Thakur and Srila Gadadhar Pandit Goswami.

Saraswati Thakur also sent disciples to Cuttack, Baripada, Kuamara, Udala, Kaptipada, and Nilgiri, to preach Mahaprabhu’s gospel of pure devotion.

1922Gaudiya MagazineOn August 19, the monthly magazine and organ of the Gaudiya Math, the Gaudīya, was published for the first time from the Bhagavata Press.
1922Visit to Vraja-MandalaOn 28 September, Saraswati Thakur left for Vrindavan with the intention of establishing a preaching centre. Accompanied by his disciples, he visited Mathura, Vrindavan, Radha Kund, and other important holy sites connected to Krishna’s pastimes. He gave a speech on Mahaprabhu’s teachings and the Vaishnava religion at an assembly of learned Vaishnavas at Lala Babu’s temple in Vrindavan town.
1923The Construction of the Temple at the Chaitanya MathOn the appearance day of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, March 2, work began on the construction of a temple at the Chaitanya Math. It was to be built according to Saraswati Thakur’s original idea of having deities of GuruGauranga and Radha-Govinda installed in the main deity room, while placing images of the founders of the four sampradayas (Lakshmi, Brahma, Rudra, the four Kumaras) and their acharyas (Ramanuja, Madhva, Vishnuswami, Nimbarka) in shrines on the temple’s four corners.
1923In PuriAfter preaching in West and East Bengal, Saraswati Thakur returned again to Puri for the annual festival and. emulating the pastimes of Mahaprabhu in separation from Krishna, danced in front of the Rath Yatra cart. He also preached to large numbers of devotees, including Raja Manindra Candra Nandi, Shashi Mohan Goswami of Bhadrak, etc. He sent preachers to Mayurbhanj and Madras to spread Mahaprabhu’s gospel and himself took a party of devotees to Amlajora in Burdwan and then to Banari Para in Barisal district.
1923Preaching the BhagavadJust before the annual festival at the Gaudiya Math in Calcutta, the Gaudiya Printing Works was established and the first fascicules of the Srimad Bhagavatam were published with the Gaura-kiśorānvaya (word by word translation), Svānanda-kuñjnuvāda (translation), and the Ananta-gopāla-tathya and Sindhu-vaibhava commentaries
1924Vyasa PujaOn February 24, on the tithi commemorating the 50th anniversary of Saraswati Thakur’s appearance in the world, the first Vyasa Puja in his honor was held at the Calcutta Gaudiya Math. The speech that he gave on that occasion stands as an immortal jewel in the history of Vaishnava literature.
First Publication of Sri Chaitanya BhagavadNot long thereafter, on the occasion of Mahaprabhu’s appearance day, the first edition of the Chaitanya Bhagavata with Gaudiya Bhasya (The Comment of Srila Prabhupad) was published from the Madhva Gaudiya Math in Dhaka.
1924Tridandi Math and Saraswata AsanOn July 9, 1924, Saraswati Thakur established the Tridandi Math in Bhubaneswar in Orissa. From there he went to preach in the Madras presidency where he established the Saraswata Asan. There he gave extensive instruction to his disciples from Bhaktivinode Thakur’s books. In the first part of September of the same year, many distinguished persons came to hear him speak, including Raut Ray of Mayurbhanj, His Excellency General Jang Bahadur of Nepal, Justice Manmathanath Mukhopadhyaya, etc.
1924At the Banaras Hindu UniversityOn December 16, Saraswati Thakur came to the Banaras Hindu University to lecture on the place of Vaishnavism in the world’s religions. Amongst those in the audience who greeted his lecture with enthusiasm were the director of the Department of Western Philosophy, Pramath Nath Tarkabhushan and Professor Phani Bhushan Adhikari, M.A. Afterwards, he and his followers went to places in Kashi visited by Mahaprabhu, then to Prayag, where he indicated the exact spot where Rupa Goswami had taken instruction from Mahaprabhu, and then to Arail, where Mahaprabhu had met with Vallabhacharya.
1925Pilgrimage through Gauda MandalaOn 29 January, Saraswati Thakur took a large group of devotees on a tour of Gauda Mandala to visit the various sites made holy by Mahaprabhu and His associates. Overcome with divine inspiration, he lectured on pure devotion in all these places.
1925Attack by pseudo Gurus In the same year, during the Nabadwip Parikrama, deities of Radha Govinda were carried on the back of an elephant through the streets of Koladwip. The envious leaders of those in the guru business incited a number of ruffians to throw bricks at the deities and the devotees who were accompanying them, including Saraswati Thakur, at Porama Tola. One witness of the event was quoted in the next day’s (Phalguna 24, 1331) Ananda Bazaar Patrika as saying, “Today I witnessed the same pastime that was enacted about four hundred years ago when Nabadwip’s constables, two thugs named Jagai and Madhai, tried to do injury to Nityananda Avadhuta.”
1926Bhagavad Janananda MathA three-day sacrifice to the Holy Name was performed to commemorate the appearance of Nityananda Prabhu. This subsequently became an annual tradition. In April of the same year, Math was founded in Chirulia (Midnapore), and given the name Bhagavata Janananda Math. Now possessed of an increasing number of Tridandi sannyasis, Saraswati Thakur sent them throughout India to preach the message of pure devotion, while he himself spoke and lectured through Midnapore. This is the time when the large-scale expansion of the Gaudiya Math really started
1926Traveling and Preaching through IndiaIn the beginning of November Saraswati Thakur started on a trip throughout India, when he would meet with various learned persons to discuss scriptures and gather information. He was also, of course, preaching Krishna consciousness to the people in large assemblies. The acharyas of many schools acclaimed him as the leading acharya of the Gaudiya Vaishnava school. The Mahanta of Nathdwara, Gokul Nath Goswami Maharaj of Bombay, the abbot of the Udipi monastery of the Madhva sampradaya and the abbot of the Salimabad seat of the Madhva sampradaya all received him with the honor due the spiritual master of a Vaishnava sampradaya.
1926Established of Paramahansa MathWhile on this trip, Saraswati Thakur established a Math in Naimisharanya called Paramahamsa Math. Upon his return, he opened the Paravidya Pith School in Mayapur, as well as the newly completed 29 towered temple at the Chaitanya Math. Deities of the acharyas and Radha Govinda were installed there.
1927The Harmonist15 June Srila Saraswati Thakur started publishing Sajjana tosanī in three languages—English, Sanskrit and Hindi. The English edition was given the name The Harmonist.
1928Lectures and preachingTowards the end of September, Saraswati Thakur again went on a promotional tour in northern India. In 1928, during a festival at Gaudiya Math, he used to give public speeches to explain the teachings of Srimanmahaprabhu,
1928Foundation of Sri Gaudiya Math, BagbazarOn September 26, the foundations of the Bagh Bazaar Gaudiya Math were laid near the banks of the Ganges. On October 7, he went with a large party of devotees to Assam, where he spoke in Shillong to several large assemblies. Amongst those who came to hear him explain the unexcelled doctrines of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu was the prince Saradindu Narayan Ray.
1928At Kurukshetra for the Solar EclipseOn November 4, in order to experience the mood of separation that was experienced by the gopis and by Mahaprabhu during the Rathayatra, Srila Prabhupad went with a party of devotees to Kurukshetra at the time of a solar eclipse. Hundreds of thousands of pilgrims who had also come there had the good fortune to hear the Gaudiya Math devotees singing the names of Gaura. Deities of Gauranga were installed at the Sri Vyasa Gaudiya Math and a spiritual diorama exhibition (the Bhagavata Pradarshini) was opened.
1929The Opening of the Ekayana MathIn January of 1929, Srila Prabhupad established the “Ekayan Math” in Krishnanagar. At the opening ceremony, he gave a lecture with an original explanation showing that the single path of exclusive devotion (ekāyana) is the trunk and the various other paths (bahvāyana) are the branches of the Vedic tree.
1929Established Delhi Gaudiya MathOn 16 January, Srila Prabhupad was in New Delhi to open the Delhi Gaudiya Math, creating the opportunity for Mahaprabhu’s gospel to be spread to thousands of respectable people in India’s capital.
1929A Speech in the Krishnanagar Town HallOn 30 March, Saraswati Thakur gave a lecture on the Holy Name in the Rama Gopal Town Hall building.
1929Repair work on the Alarnath templeIn May of the same year, he was in Puri where he started Chandan Yatra festival. At the same time, he started repair work on the Alarnath temple.
1929A Speech in Albert HallOn 11 August, He delivered a lecture on “Gaudiya Philosophy” at Albert Hall, Calcutta
Preaching the teachings of Mahaprabhu as a Monk all over IndiaFrom there he went on to Rajmahal, Bhagalpur, Nalanda and Rajgiri, to preach Mahaprabhu’s message. Then he went on to Kashi where he discoursed on Mahaprabhu’s teachings to Sanatan Goswami. He was welcomed by many educated and respectable people to Kashi, Faizabad, Ayodhya, Naimisharanya, Karauna, Misrikh, Sitapur, and Lucknow. Many seekers of the truth were initiated by him into the religion of pure devotion. The widely-renowned bar-at-law, Mr. A. P. Sen, the professor Dr. Radha Kumud Mukhopadhyaya, Dr. Radha Kamal Mukhopadhyaya, Dr. A. N. Sen Gupta, and many other highly regarded citizens came to hear him speak.
1929Development of Sri Mayapur DhamOn 1 June, a temporary post office was opened at Sri Mayapur and made into a permanent branch in October. During this time, Saraswati Thakur had his devotees establish the “Lord’s garden” (Ishodyan) that Srila Bhaktivinode Thakur had desired in Mayapur. He also had electricity brought to Mayapur and electric lights placed on the pinnacle of the Chaitanya Math temple.
1930Visit Purna-Kumbha-Mela, Prayag & Established sri Rup Gaudiya MathIn the middle of January, Srila Prabhupad went to the Purna Kumbha Mela in Prayag. He engaged the Gaudiya Math’s preachers in talking about Mahaprabhu’s teachings to Rupa Goswami. He installed deities of Radha Govinda, the life and soul of Sri Rupa Goswami, at the confluence of the three rivers, Triveni. By the grace of the best of Rupa Goswami’s followers, the pilgrims who came to Prayag to bathe in the confluence of the holy rivers were fortunate to be able to hear the message of pure devotion.

Exhibition in Sri Dham Mayapur

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From 3 February to 17 March, Saraswati Thakur held an unprecedented spiritual diorama exhibition in Nabadwip-Mayapur. It was opened by the famous chemist,Acharya Prafulla Chandra Roy. On February 18, on the occasion of his Vyasa Puja, a shrine to the acharya’s feet was inaugurated at the Chaitanya Math.

1930Visit ChatrabhogaOn 25 May, Srila Prabhupad went to Chatrabhoga, a place that Mahaprabhu visited on his way to Puri and blessed many seekers of the truth.
1930Justice Manomohan SannyalOn 22 Augus, he travelled to Allahabad where he stayed with his entourage at the house of retired Sessions Judge, Manomohan Sannyal. He spoke there for several days, attracting Mr. Sannyal to Chaitanya Mahaprabhu’s lotus feet. He also resolved many of the questions asked by educated citizens of the town, especially Professor Dr. P. K. Acharya.
1930Inauguration of Bagbazar Sri Gaudiya MathOn 5 October, the move with the devotees and deities was made from the Ultadingi Junction Road Math to the new buildings at Bagbazar. At the same time, a festival was held in honor of Radha Madan Mohan, Radha Govinda and Radha Gopinath. A transcendental diorama exhibition was also opened and a great spiritual conference was called at the same time.

Establishment of Sri Chaittanya Padapith

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On 25 December, Saraswati Thakur was in Jajpur; on the 26th, in Kurmakshetra; on the 27th in Simhachalam; Kovvur on the 29th and on the 31st in Mangalagiri. In all these places, he installed shrines of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu’s lotus feet (Padapith) and preached His gospel.


The Bhaktivinode Institute

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On 3 April, Saraswati Thakur opened the Bhaktivinoda Institute in Sri Mayapur, and to the large assembly of people present for the occasion, spoke on the difference between material and spiritual knowledge.

1931Taking the charge of Sripat in Mahesh PanditOn 28 June, he officially accepted responsibility for the management of the Sripat of Nityananda Prabhu’s associate, Mahesh Pandit, in Chakdaha. At the opening ceremonies, he spoke to a large crowd of seekers.
1931Installed the deity of Brahma Gaudiya MathOn 12 july, he installed the deity of Gauranga Mahaprabhu, named Gaudiya Nath at the Brahma-Gaudiya Math in Alalanath.
1931Purushottam MathFive days later, he set the foundations of the Purushottam Math temple on land that had been donated by the Maharajah of Mayurbhanj. From there he went on to Cuttack where he spoke on Krishna at the Satchitananda Math. He sent a party of preachers to Simla in northern India.

The Spiritual Educational Exhibition in Calcutta

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At the time of the Gaudiya Math’s annual festival, on September 6, Saraswati Thakur opened a spiritual education exhibition (Sat-Siksha Pradarsini) in Calcutta. Over the next few weeks, some of the prominent people who came to hear him speak were Dr. Dinesh Chandra Sen Ray Bahadur, Biraj Mohan Mazumdar, Vice Principal of Institutional College, Dr. Magnus Hirschfeld, the German scholar and world-traveller, and Dr. Stella Kremrisch of Calcutta University.

Harikatha to eminent personsof the societyOn September 29, he spoke on the nature of spiritual sound to the principal of the Calcutta Medical College, Colonel Dwarika Prasad Goyel, I.M.S., and the American traveller and scholar, A. J. Jacobs. On October 11, in Prayag he met Allahabad University Vice Chancellor, Dr. Ganganath Jha, Allahabad District Commissioner, Vinayak Shankar Mehta, I.C.S., and answered their questions on spiritual life.

On October 16, Saraswati Thakur was welcomed to Benares by its distinguished citizens and stayed and spoke at the Maharajah’s Mint Palace. On the 19th and 20th, he spoke at length on Vaishnava philosophy and Krishna lila to Vasanta Kumar Chatterjee, Deputy Accountant General of Bengal and man of letters.


The Hindi Magazine, Bhagavata

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Naimisharanya, where on November 9, he introduced the new Hindi fortnightly, Bhāgavata, published from the Paramahamsa Math.

1931Annual Festival at Delhi Gaudiya MathOn November 14, Saraswati Thakur sent preachers to New Delhi to tell the Viceroy, Lord Willingdon, about the Math’s preaching activities. On November 17, he established the annual festival at the Delhi Gaudiya Math and spoke to many distinguished personalities about the life of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. He also gave a speech about bhakti at the Gurudwar Bungalow Saheb Hall in New Delhi. On November 29, a great spiritual assembly in the garden of Honorable Council of State member, Ray Bahadur Lala Jagadish Prasad, at which Saraswati Thakur gave a speech. Then on November 30, he went with his entourage to Sukaratala, the place where Suka first narrated the Bhagavatam, and himself spoke from the Bhagavatam.

Preaching in Madras (Presently Chennai)On January 10, 1932, Saraswati Thakur went with a party of twenty devotees to Madras. A large group of devotees and dignitaries, including Madras Corporation President, T. S. Ramaswami lyer, the Honorable T. Rajan, Mr. S. V. Ramaswami Mudaliyar, the honorable Diwan Bahadur, G. Narayana Swamy Chettiar, C.I.E. (Companion of the Indian Empire), and T. Punurulla Pillai, etc., greeted him at the Basin Bridge Station and accompanied him in a huge sankirtan procession back to the Gaudiya Math which at that time was situated in the North Gopalpura neighborhood. In the assembly which followed, the honorable Diwan Bahadur Kumaraswamy Reddiar offered a speech in which he indicated the depth of his esteem for the acharya, Saraswati Thakur.

On January 14, Madras High Court Justice, Diwan Bahadur Sundaram Chettiyar visited Saraswati Thakur at the Madras Gaudiya Math and was satisfied by answers to his questions on spiritual matters. On January 23, deities were installed in the Madras Gaudiya Math. On the same day, the cornerstone for a new Math was laid in the Raipetta district. On January 24, a huge meeting was held with many important personalities as guests, including Sir P. S. Shivaswami lyer. Saraswati Thakur spoke and attracted many of these people to Mahaprabhu’s teachings. On January 27, the governor of Madras Presidency, Sir George Frederick Stanley, laid the cornerstone for the Sri Krishna Kirtan Hall at the Madras Gaudiya Math.

On January 29, Madras City Corporation gave an official welcome to Saraswati Thakur He gave a speech of thanks in the Corporation’s Rippon Building.

1932Visit in Eluru at West GodavariOn the 30th, Saraswati Thakur went to the town of Eluru in the West Godavari district, where he was greeted by a huge sankirtan party of townspeople. He received an official letter of welcome from the Janardana Prarthana Samaj. He gave a speech and then initiated and inspired a large number of people from that region in the upractice of pure devotional service.
1932Returned to MayapurSaraswati Thakur returned to Mayapur before the 1932 Nabadwip Parikrama. On the occasion of Mahaprabhu’s appearance day, he laid the cornerstone for a new temple building at Advaita Acharya’s house. He gave a speech at the annual meeting of the Sri Dham Pracharini Sabha as well as instituting the examinations for Bhakti-sastri and Bhakti-vaibhavacarya degrees. On April 3, he presided over the annual award-giving ceremony at the Bhaktivinode Institute where he gave a speech on “Altruism and Extended Altruism”.

Preaching to educated and established people in Madras, Udagamandalam and KovvurOn 23 May, Saraswati Thakur returned to Madras. This time he had the opportunity to explain the particularities of the Gaudiya Vaishnava sampradaya to the religious leaders and scholars of the Shankar, Ramanuja and Madhva schools. On May 25, he spoke to a group of questionnaires led by Prof. K. Panchapagesan of Pudukkottai College, and was able to settle their doubts. On May 29, he was welcomed to Coimbatore by its citizens. He spoke there and on the banks of the Bhavani River to the people of the town of Mettupalayam. From there he went to Udugamandalam in the Nilgiri Hills, where he stayed at the Rangavilas Bhavan.

While in Udagamandalam, several distinguished people came to visit Saraswati Thakur and had the opportunity to hear his teachings through his principal disciples. They included Sir Kishan Prasad, G.C.I.E. (Knight and Grand Commander of the Indian Empire), prime minister to the Nizam of Hyderabad, Hyderabad zamindar Dhanraj Girji, Sir P. S. Shivaswami Aiyar, and the honorable Diwan Bahadur, P. Muniswami Naidu.


Harikatha in the palace of Shri Krishnaraja Vadiyar, Maharaja of MysoreOn June 17, the Maharajah of Mysore, Sir Krishnaraj Vadhiyar, G.C.S.I. (Knight and Grand Commander of the Star of India), G.B.E. (Grand Cross of the British Empire) invited Saraswati Thakur and his disciples to Mysore where they stayed as his guests in the Rama Mandira and tirelessly preached the Chaitanya gospel throughout the area. On the way from Udagamandalam to Mysore, Saraswati Thakur visited various places such as the Lingayat temple to Kantheshwar and the Madhva Math, etc., in Nanjangud. On June 19, Saraswati Thakur visited Krishnaraj Sagar and Srirangapattanam (20 km north of Mysore).

In the morning of June 20, Saraswati Thakur visited the Mysore Sanskrit College and spoke to the professors on Krishna bhakti. That afternoon he was invited to the Maharajah’s palace where he gave a discourse on Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and answered the Maharajah’s questions.

1932installed deities at the Ramananda Gaudiya MathFrom there, Saraswati Thakur went to Kovvur, the place on the banks of the Godavari where Mahaprabhu met with Ramananda Ray for the first time. On July 5, he installed deities at the Ramananda Gaudiya Math. Hundreds of thousands of people came around that time to take bath in the Godavari on the occasion of the Puskarayoga and were blessed by the chance to hear the chanting of Gauranga’s names. Saraswati Thakur spoke on the gradual process of spiritual life and its ultimate goal to the educated people of the locality.

Promotion of English Books

He stayed there long enough to revise Prof. Nishikanta Sannyal’s English book, Shri Krishna Chaitanya, as well as completing his own English translation of Brahma-samhitā, his Gaudīya-bhāsya commentary on the Chaitanya Bhagavata, and a short English book on the life of Ramananda Ray.


Lecture of Sri Gaudiya Math in Calcutta.

By August 16, Saraswati Thakur had returned to Calcutta and Sir Deva Prasad Sarvadhikari came to hear him speak on “Sri Chaitanya prema.” On the 28th, during the annual festival held at the Gaudiya Math, he gave a lecture entitled “Relative Worlds.


To re-establish the samadhi of Gaurkishore Das Babaji at Sri Chaitanya Math.

On August 21, 1932, upon hearing that the samadhi tomb of his guru Srila Gaura Kishor Das Babaji Maharaj, was about to fall into the Ganges, Saraswati Thakur sent disciples to arrange to have his transcendental remains transferred in their entirety to the Chaitanya Math in Mayapur.

16th, on September Saraswati Thakur came to Mayapur to inaugurate the samadhi temple of Gaura Kishor Das Babaji.


Publication of “kirtan” monthly magazine in Assamese language

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In the beginning of September, publication of a monthly magazine in the Assamese language, Kīrtana, was begun out of the town of Dhubri on Saraswati Thakur’s orders.


Lecture of Sri Gaudiya Math in Calcutta.

On September 3, Saraswati Thakur gave a lecture entitled “The Ultimate Goal of Life ” at the Calcutta Gaudiya Math. On the 4th, Calcutta University professor Suniti Chatterjee and Nadia District Magistrate T. C. Ray came to the Gaudiya Math to hear him speak. On Sept. 11, he gave a lecture on the Vedanta. These three lectures were later published.


Vraja Mandala Parikrama

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On October 9, the appearance day of Sri Madhvacharya, Saraswati Thakur and countless devotees undertook the 84 kros pilgrimage tour of Vraja Mandala. Stopping at every place where Krishna had engaged in his pastimes, Saraswati Thakur and his disciples preached in various different languages for the benefit of devotees coming from many different places. He himself lectured on Rupa Goswami’s Upadeśāmrta to a large assembly of Vraja residents and scholars.

1932Laying the foundation stones of various Gaudiya MathsOn November 4, after finishing the parikrama, he went to Haridwar-Mayapur where he laid the cornerstone for the Sri Saraswata Gaudiya Math. Then on Nov. 21, in Prayag, the cornerstone for the Sri Rupa Gaudiya Math was laid at his invitation and in his presence by the governor of the United Provinces, Sir William Malcolm Haley. On the 24th, deities of Radha and Govinda were installed in the Sanatan Gaudiya Math in Benares.

A Spiritual Educational Exhibition in Dhaka

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On December 12, Saraswati Thakur came to Dhaka to open a diorama exhibition. He remained there for longer than a month, until January 30, 1933, during which time many of the most respectable members of the learned community came to see him and hear his teachings. A diorama exhibition with the theme of spiritual education—unprecedented in Dhaka—was opened on January 6. His lecture on that occasion, entitled “Exhibition Speech,” created a change in the ideas of his listeners about the true nature of religion and its doctrines.


Prof. Satishchandra De and Prof Ranada Charan Chakravarti

On February 2, Saraswati Thakur returned to the Calcutta Gaudiya Math, where he explained the difference between eka-danda sannyas and tri-danda sannyas after being questioned on the subject by Satishchandra De, dean of Narasingh College in Howrah, and Professor Ranada Charan Chakravarti. On the 8th, Saraswati Thakur went to Sri Mayapur to celebrate Nityananda’s appearance day, Vyasa Puja and the appearance day of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.


Sending envoys to European countries to spread the message of Srimanmahaprabhu.

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On Mahaprabhu’s appearance day, 1933, Prof. Nishikanta Sannyal’s English-language book, Shri Krishna Chaitanya, was released for distribution. After this event, Saraswati Thakur decided that it was now time to preach Mahaprabhu’s message in Europe. He selected three leading disciples for the service: H. H. Bhakti Pradip Tirtha Maharaj, H. H. Bhakti Hridoy Bon Maharaj, and Sambidananda Das, M. A., Bhakti-Shastri. On March 18, in a meeting presided over by Jatindranath Basu, M.L.C [Member of Legislative Council], Saraswati Thakur gave a farewell speech called “My Message” (Āmār kathā), in which he praised these three disciples, bidding them bon voyage before they left to carry out the European mission.


The success of the campaign in London

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The first news of results of their preaching in London was received at the beginning of May: a centre had been opened at 39 Drain Gardens, Kensington, and S.W. 10. On May 31, Saraswati Thakur answered inquiries on spiritual matters sent from London by the Marquess of Ludian and Lord Zetland, a former governor of Bengal. On June 15, Lord Zetland presided over a meeting of the Society for the Study of Religion at Bedford Square, in which Saraswati Thakur’s disciples spoke on the glories of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.


Seminar on Bhakti Vinode Thakur in London

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On June 23, a meeting was held at the London Gaudiya Math in honor of Srila Bhaktivinode Thakur. Many distinguished guests, including the Honorable Justice Bistrow, came there to hear about Bhaktivinode’s teachings. In the month of July, Saraswati Thakur received letters from several distinguished British citizens thanking him for the great work the Gaudiya Math had undertaken in Great Britain. They included Lord Irwin’s private tary, Mr. R. A. Butler, the Marquis of Ludian, Sir Stanley Jackson, and Times editor, Mr. Brown.


Emperor George V and Empress Mary

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On July 5, former Viceroy of India Lord Irwin, his wife and representatives of the Joint Select Parliamentary Committee heard from the Gaudiya Math missionaries about their objectives in preaching Mahaprabhu’s message in Europe. At 4 P.M. on July 20, the Secretary of State for India, Sir Samuel Hoare, introduced the Gaudiya Math preachers to Emperor George V and Empress Mary. The preachers had the opportunity to offer their respects to the emperor and tell him the purpose of the Gaudiya Mission. On July 14, they met with the head of the Church England, the Archbishop of Canterbury, and the Most Reverend Cosmo Gordon Lang.


Meeting in Oxford University

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Then on October 7 and 8, a large meeting was held for the professors and students of Oxford University, in which the Gaudiya Vaishnava doctrine of the Holy Names was explained.


Lectures on Eastbourne Theosophical Society, Deutsch Akademi in Munich, Germany and Humboldt House in Berlin.

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The Gaudiya Math’s European preachers gave lectures on Chaitanya Mahaprabhu’s gospel at Eastbourne Theosophical Society on November 24-25, then at the Deutsch Akademi in Munich, Germany, on December 10; at Humboldt House in Berlin on December 12; Koningsburg on the 14th, at the Institut de la Civilisation Indienne in Paris.


Preaching Activity in BombayOn March, he opened Gaudiya Math’s Mumbai office in the Jangu Villa on BabulNath Road. While staying there, he made great efforts to preach Mahaprabhu’s message in the large city.

On May 20, in response to a question by a distinguished relative of Dadabhai Naroji, he gave his resolution of the problem of the movement for the admission of untouchables into Hindu temples.

1933A memorial meeting in honor of Bhaktibinod ThakurMeanwhile, on June 16, Saraswati Thakur spoke on the uniqueness of the Srimad Bhagavatam at the Krishnanagar Town Hall. The occasion was a memorial meeting in honor of Srila Bhaktivinode Thakur which was presided over by Khitipati Nath Mitra and Dinanath Sannyal Ray Bahadur.
1933Installed deities of Tridandi Gaudiya MathOn July 3, Saraswati Thakur installed deities of Gaurasundara and Radha-Govinda in the newly finished temple at the Tridandi Gaudiya Math in Bhubaneswar. This was followed by a kirtan festival.

Solar eclipse, a spiritual diorama exhibition was held for the second time at Kurukshetra

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In August, on the occasion of a solar eclipse, a spiritual diorama exhibition was held for the second time at Kurukshetra.

1933Speech on the occasion of the annual festival of Shri Gaudiya Math,BagbazarDuring the Bagh Bazaar Math’s annual festival, a large kirtan procession was taken through many Calcutta neighborhoods. On August 12 Saraswati Thakur spoke on “The ultimate goal of human life,” on the 20th, on “The uniqueness of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu,” and on the 27th, in English on “The Vedanta, its morphology and ontology”. On September 7 he went by motor launch to Nabadwip, bringing sankirtan to various places along the Ganges.
1933Preaching at Patna cityOn October 27, Saraswati Thakur made his auspicious entrance into the city of Patna to preach Mahaprabhu’s message to the local populace. Some of the distinguished people who came to hear his instructions were Amarendranath Das, Ray Bahadur; Ganesh Chandra Chand, the government archeological superintendent for the region of Bihar, Orissa, and Chota Nagpur; barrister, P. R. Das; advocate Nabadwip Chandra Das; District and Session Judge, Shivapriya Chatterjee. On November 14, Darbhanga Maharaj, Sir Kameshwar Singh Bahadur, K.C.S.I., opened the diorama exhibition in Patna, attracting some of the most distinguished citizens of that town.
1933Publication of Bhakti SandarbhaAt the end of November, the Bhakti-sandarbha, edited by Saraswati Thakur, was published in its entirety. On November 24, he spoke Hari katha in Tetiya Palli near Nrisingha Palli in Nabadwip Dham. On November 26 and 27, he took part in a sankirtan festival at the Ekayana Math in Krishnanagar. By his grace, there was also a preaching activity in Amarshigram in Midnapore at this time as well.
1933Preaching at Karachi, PakistanDuring this time, preaching activity was also being conducted in Karachi, now in Pakistan. On December 24, the spiritual exhibition was opened in Benares in the Michir Pokhara neighborhood by Saraswati Thakur’s supporter, District Magistrate and Collector, Mr. Pannalal, I.C.S. (Indian Civil Service).
1934The Maharaja of Tripura visits the Gaudiya MathOn January 15, 1934, Maharaj Bir Bikram Kishore Deb Barman Manikya Bahadur of Tipperah with his courtiers visited Sri Gaudiya Math, Calcutta, paid respects to Sri Saraswati Thakur and in a large gathering in the Math he spoke highly of the activities of the Mission.
1934Kumar Bahadur of HetampurSri Radhika Ranjan Chakraverty B. A. Kumar Bahadur of Hetampur, with his private Secretary paid a visit to Sri Gaudiya Math, Calcutta and had an audience with Srila Prabhupad.
1934Lord ZetandIn London at Grosvenor House in Park Lane a meeting was held to celebrate the anniversary of the day of the Appearance of Srila Prabhupad with Lord Zetland in the chair.
1934Temple at Sri Vrindavan Das Thakur’s SripathOn 25, February 1934, He ceremoniously opened the Temple at Sripath of Sri Vrindavan Das Thakur at Mamgachi in Navadwip.
1934Temple at Srivas AnganHe consecrated a temple at Sribas Angan, conferred Tridanda Sannyas to three of his devotees and delivered a lecture at the annual meeting of Navadvip Dham Pracharini Sabha at Sri Mayapur.
1934Rajarshi Kumar Saradiundu Roy and othersOn 19th February, 1934, Rai Bahadur Ramaprasad Chanda and Rajarshi Kumar Saradindu Narayan Roy and others visited the holy places of Sri Mayapur and attended a discourse by Srila Prabhupad.
1934Foundation stone of Shri Yogpeeth MandirHe laid the Foundation stone of the Sri Mandir at Yogpeeth and of the temple at the residence of Sri Murari Gupta in Sri Mayapur on 18th March, 1934.

Established Sri Chaitanya Padapith

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On 2nd April, 1934, he set up “Sri Chaitanya Padapith” at Chhatra Bhog on a place sanctified by foot prints of the Lord Chaitanya Dev. He delivered a lecture to the local people who welcomed him with an address.



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On 24th April, 1934 in a public meeting held at Westminster Caxton Hall, London, with Lord Zetland in the chair, the Gaudiya Mission Society was set up and publicly declared.

1934J.N. Basu and others in Gaudiya Math CalcuttaIn a meeting held at Sri Gaudiya Math, Calcutta, with Sri Jatindra Nath Basu M. L. C. in the chair Rai Bahadur Romaprosad Chanda, Archaeologist delivered a lecture on ‘Navadvip during the days of Sri Chitanya Dev.

At PuriFrom 14th May to 7th June the following persons had interviews with Srila Prabhupad who preached Hari Katha to them:-

  1. Ananda Mahapatra

14th May – Sri Ananada Mahapatra, Kavya Vyakaran Tirtha, Senior Professor, Ayurved Dept, Sanskrit College, Puri

  1. S.C Chattopadhyay

18th May 1934 – Sri Sachischandra Chattapadhya. a renowned Novelist.

  1. G.R. Das

20th May – Sri Gadadhar Ramanuj Das, Mohanta of Emar Math and Sri Hanuman Khutia.

  1. R.S.G.S. Mahanti

21th May 1934 – Rai Shaheb Gour Shyam Mahanty and Sri Radha Shyam Mahanty.

  1. Mr. Junakar

23rd May – Mr. Junakar, Professor, Dacca University.

  1. R.Chatterjee. RB.N.N.Dutta

24th May – Sri Rebati Nath Chottopadhya, Dt. Magistrate and Rai Bahadur Narendra Nath Dutta, Magistrate of Puri.

  1. R.Chatterjee. RB.N.N.Dutta

24th May – Sri Rebati Nath Chottopadhya, Dt. Magistrate and Rai Bahadur Narendra Nath Dutta, Magistrate of Puri.

  1. G.P. Mukherjee

2nd June – Sri Girija Prasanna Mukhopadhya, founder of Bodhan Ashram.

  1. R.B.K.N. Mitra

7th June – Rai Bahadur Khagendra Nath Mittra, Professor, Presidency College, Calcutta.

1934Sakhi Charan Roy Bhakti-Vijoy-generous donor of the Yogpeeth temple of Adhoksaja VishnuOn 13th June while making excavations for laying the deep foundation for the lofty Temple of Yogpeeth at Sri Mayapur, the household God (Penates) the image of Chaturbhuj Vishnu appeared from within the earth at 10 AM in the morning to the thrilling amazement of all present on the occasion. The image has been identified with the Adhoksaja Vishnu worshipped by Sri Jagannath Misra, father of Lord Chitanya Dev. Sri Sakhi Charan Roy Bhakti Vijay has generously undertaken to bear all expenses for the construction of the great temple.
1934Installing the deity of Brahma Gaudiya MathOn 27th Jun installing the deity of ‘Sri Sri Gaudiyanatha-Gopi-GopinathaJiu’ at Brahma Gaudiya Math Alalnath, Puri, amidst Kirtan and Hari-katha.
1934Image of Gour Kishore DasOn 12th July he consecrated the image of Srila Gour Kishore Prabhu in the Samadhi temple at Sridham Mayapur.
1934Installing the deity of Patna Gaudiya MathOn 14thAugust the installation ceremony of Sri Bigrahas at Patna Gandiya Math was celebrated.
1934‘Saraswati-Jayasree’ PublishedOn 1st September Sri Krishna Janmashtami Day – The great book, “Saraswati Jayasree’ Baibhav parba was published.

Preaching in German Universities.Link To –

From the 3rd week of October 1934, he directed and organised with his preachers in Europe to deliver lectures in the different Universities of Germany.

1934Leelas in Braja MandalOn 1st November 1934, he visited the different sites of Leela in Braj Mandal and enthused with the spirit thereof he spent his days in Hari Katha
1935Sir John Anderson, Governor of Bengal visited Sri Dham Mayapur and YogapithOn 15th January 1935, Sir John Anderson, Governor of Bengal visited Sri Dham Mayapur and Yogapith, the birth place of Sriman Mahaprabhu and heard from Srila Prabhupad about the sanctity of Sridham Mayapur. The Governor delivered a short speech on the occasion.
1935Circumambulation of Purushottam DhamOn 24th February Srila Prabhupad accompanied by a large number of devotees and others performed a circumambulation of the Purushottam Dham and he delivered an enlightening speech on the occasion.
1935Maharaja of Tripura Sree Mayapur Temple entryOn 20th March on the eve of the Gour-Janmotsav, on 20th March, Sir Bir Bikram Kishore Deb Barman Manikya Bahadur, Maharaja of Tripuerah, visited Sridham Mayapur and ceremoniously opened the ornamented Gate of the lofty temple at Yogpeeth on the birth site of Sri Chaitanya Dev.
1935Deruli in KhulnaOn 24th March with a band of devotees he proceeded to the village Deruli in District Khulna where he delivered lectures in several meetings.
1935Maharajadhiraj of BurdwanOn 31st March Sir Bijoy Chand Mahatab Bahadur, Maharajadhiraj of Burdwan visited Sri Gaudiya Math and attended Harikatha of Srila Prabhupad.
1935MymensinghOn 12thApril Accommodated at the “Sashi Lodge” of Maharaj Sashi Kanta Acharya of Mymensing, he consecrated the images of the Deities of Sri Jagannath Gaudiya Math at Mymensingh and staying there upto 15th April, the discoursed on Harikatha to many respectable and learned men of the city.

Sri Gaudiya Math, GayaOn 19th April he visited the places of Gaya sanctified by the foot prints of Sri Chaitanya Dev and preached Harikatha incessantly to the learned audience at Gaya.

The former Acharya of the Gaudiya Mission Tridandi Swami Srimad Bhakti Srirup Bhagavad Maharaj, then a Brahmachari student surrendered to the lotus feet of Srila Prabhupad hearing Hari-katha from his divine lips.

1935At BurmaOn 30thApril he sent out a few preachers to Burma who travelled extensively there preaching the supreme religion of Sri Chaitanya Dev everywhere.
1935At DarjeelingOn 31st May in the company of many devotees he went to Darjeeling and preached incessantly Harikatha to the audience gathered at his place.
1935Meetings-Sir J.N. Sarkar & othersWith Sir Jadunath Sarkar and Colonel Upendra nath Mukherjee as respective chairman of meetings held on 9th and 10th June at Darjeeling he organised propagation of the teachings of Sri Chaitanya Dev by his devoted preachers.
1935Broadcasting Harinam through radioOn 9th June he spread Harinam by broadcasting through Radio from the Indian Broadcasting Service Centre.

Cooch Behar Maharani and others Madam MaximianiOn 28th June at Calcutta Gaudiya Math the following personages met him and attended to his Harikatha and discourse on Vaishnava Philosophy viz.:-

1.Srijukta Indira Devi, Maharani of Cooch Behar.

2.Srijukta Ila Devi

3.Srijukta Gayatri Devi.Daughter of Maharaja.

4.Srijut Indra Jitendra Narayan Bahadur Maharaj Kumar.

5.Madam Maximiani Potters, Ph, D. French Scholar.

1935Bombay Images installedOn 8th July he deities were installed at Gaudiya Math on Proctor Road, Bombay.
1935Lecture at Jinnah’s People’s Memorial HallHe delivered a lecture on “Panch-ratra and Bhagavad” before a large gathering at “Jinnah’s People’s Memorial Hall” Bombay.

Broadcast Radio in Annual utsav at Gaudiya MathThrough Radio the following ceremonies of the Gaudiya Math annual utsav were broadcast every sunday-viz:

1. Procession with chanting and singing in different localities of Calcutta.

2. Janmastami.

3. Nanda-utsav.

4. Radhastami.

5. Advent of Thakur Bhaktivinoda.

1935His lectures at Gaudiya Math CalcuttaHe delivered lectures on “Samsar and Bhakti” and on “Birag and Bhakti respectively in two meetings held at Gaudiya Math, Calcutta, with Maharaja Srish Chandra Nandy Bahadur of Kasimbazar as chairman in one meeting and with Kumar Hiranya Kumar Mitra as chairman in another meeting.
1935Srimad Bhagavad publishedSrimad Bhagavad complete with 12 Skandhas and containing elaborate notes, synopses, indexes and glossaries by Srila Prabhupad, was published and on this subject he delivered a lecture at Sri Gaudiya Math Calcutta.
1935At New DelhiFrom 1st to 7th October 1935, he preached Harikatha for 7 days during his stay at Gaudiya math, New Delhi to many dignitaries and learned men.
1935Radha Kunda Kartik VrataOn 8th October for a month he stayed at Sri Radhakunda on the occasion of celebration of Kartik Vrata with reading and explaining upanishad, Chaitanya Charitamrita and Srimad Bhagavad .

Braj Dham Pracharini Sabha

Link To –

On 9th October He inaugurated Braj Dham Pracharini Sabha for bettering the condition of Braj Mandal.

1935At Radha KundaOn 4th Nov deities were installed at Sri Kunja Behari Math at Radha-kunda. And, on 6th Nov placing Puspa Samadhi Thakur Bhaktivinoda at Kunja Behari Math.

New Delhi7th Nov 1935 goes to Delhi via Sheshashayi in Braj Mandal.

10th Nov 1935 Harikatha at New Delhi.

193513th Nov installation of Deities at Gaya Math. Received news that preaching in Burma was going on in full swing.
1935Patna Gaudiya Math27th December Harikatha at Patna Gaudiya Math

Exhibition at Allahabad

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30th December preached Sri Chaitanya Dev’s Sermon to Sri Rupa Goswami at Allahabad.

On 7th January he opened an exhibition of Spiritual Teachings at Allahabad and delivered a lecture in English to a large elite gathering of the city.

1936Harikatha for 2 MonthsFrom 11th January he devoted himself for two months in preaching Harikatha to the devotees of Sri Chaitanya Math at Sridham Mayapur.

Founded Thakur Bhaktivinoda research institute & Vyasa PujaFrom 12th February on

1. He founded the Thakura Bhaktivinoda Research Institute or Anukul Krishnanusilanagar at Sri Mayapur.

2. Vyas Puja was celebrated at Srivas Angan.

193662nd anniversary of advent of Srila PrabhupadIn London Gaudiya Math with Right Hon’ble Sir Sadilal, President of the London Gaudiya Mission Society, in the chair, a meeting was held to celebrate the 62 anniversary of the Advent of Srila Prabhupad.
1936Visited different islands of NavadwipOn 25th February he visited the different islands of Navadwip Dham and installed the images of the Deities and of the Devotees in respective islands.
1936Subarna Behari MathOn 1st March he installed the image of the Lord at the temple of Subarna Behari Math at Subarna Bihar.
1936Vidyanagar Sarvabhouma Gaudiya MathOn 5th March he established the Sarvabhouma Gaudiya Math with installation of Deities at Vidyanagar
1936Rudradweep Gaudiya Math with DeitiesOn 7th March 1936, he founded the Rudradweep Gaudiya Math with consecration of Deities at Rudradweep.
1936Rangoon Gaudiya Math centre openedOn 8th March 1936, at the inspiration of Srila Prabhupad, Dr. Baamo, Education Minister, Burma, opened the Rangoon Gaudiya Math Centre at 29, Brooking Street at Rangoon.
1936Sorbhog Gaudiya MathOn 15th March 1936, he installed Deities at Sorbhog Gaudiya Math amidst great enthusiasm of the people of Sorbhog who presented an address to Srila Prabhupad.
1936At CuttackOn 27th March 1936, at Cuttack he preached Harikatha to the distinguished persons of Orissa.
1936Puri temple installedOn 29th March 1936, staying at Chatak Parbat, Puri, he opened a home for Sadhus and the temple of Sri Radha Gobinda there and amidst incessant holy discourses of Harikatha inaugurated a ceremony of hundred days in Orissa.
1936At AlalnathOn 4th May 1936, he visited Brahma Gaudiya Math at Alalnath and observed Nrisingha Chaturdashi Tithi amidst Hari-Kirtan there.
1936At the residence of Sri Supati Ranjan NagFrom 7th June 1936, during his sojourning at the residence of Sri Supati Ranjan Nag M. A, B. L. at Purana Paltan, Dacca, for some days, he (1) preached Harikatha to many distinguished persons, (2) initiated persons, with yearning for truth, to the Lotus Feet of Sri Chaitanya Dev, (3) on 9th replied to the address presented to him by the people of Baliati, (4) on 10th opened the gate of the new Temple of Sri Gadai Gauranga Math of Baliati with installation of the Deities Sri Radha Gobinda and (5) at the Dacca university and Bar Library on 13th and 14th June had Harikatha preached with the help of his favourite German devotee and his Tridandi Sannyasi devotees.
1936Anniversary of disappearance of Thakur BhaktivinodaOn 19th June 1936, at Godrum Swananda Sukhada Kunja on the 22nd anniversary of the Disappearance of Thakur Bhaktivinoda he delivered a lecture on “Abandonment of evil association.”

Exhibition at Kurukshetra

Link To –

A “Sat Shiksha Exhibition” was opened at Kurukshetra for edification and enlightenment of lacs of people assembling on the occasion of Solar Eclipse on the teachings of Sri Chaitanya Dev.

1936Darjeeling MathOn 27th June 1936,at Darjeeling Gaudiya Math he preached Harikatha to many distinguished persons, himself and through his initiated preachers
1936Deities consecrated at DarjeelingOn 19th July 1936,he consecrated the Deities Radha-Govinda at Darjeeling
1936Bogra-Ovation lectureOn 24th July 1936,he received an ovation from the people of Bogra and in reply to an address presented to him by the inhabitants of the town at Hindu Sabha there he reminded them of the great heritage of Sree Narottam Thakur on the teachings of Sri Chaitanya Dev.
1936Mathura & VrindavanOn 12th August 1936, He left Calcutta for Mathura where he preached Harikatha. Then he proceeded to Vrindavan where he discoursed on Srimad Bhagavad.
1936GobardhanAt Gobardhan Srila Prabhupad founded “Bhajan Kutir”. He gave his name “Gobardhan Kutir”
1936Calcutta utsavOn 9th September 1936, He returned to Calcutta and preached Harikatha incessantly during the annual utsav at Calcutta.

Bhakti Saranga Prabhu’s departure for London

Link To –

On 23rd October 1936, He vested Srimat Bhakti Saranga Prabhu with the mission of preaching Harikatha in England and America and tutored him on the rites of worshipping “Gomati”, “Gandaki” and “Govardhan” Shilas on the eve of his departure for London and delivered a lecture at Saraswat Sravan Sadan of Calcutta Gaudiya Math.


Puri Chatak ParbatOn 24th October 1936, He proceeded to Puri where at Chatak Parbat, which is no other than Giri Govardhan of Braja dham, he celebrated the Advent ceremony of Sri Madhwa, worshipped Govardhan with mantras chanted by Srila Rupa and Raghunath and celebrated the Disappearance ceremony of his preceptor Srila Gour Kishore Das Goswami

During his stay in Purushottam (Puri) he very often warned his devotees saying – “With all sincerity go ahead with Hari bhajan. Beware! The time is short”. Particularly, the following words of Sri Rupa and Raghunath were now & then on his lips – Govardhan, consummate my longing ah! Govardhan, grant me my rest by your side!

1936Returned to Calcutta from PuriOn 7th Dec 1936, From Puri Math he returned to Calcutta Gaudiya Math in the morning of 7th Dec and spent the whole day preaching Harikatha continually.
1936He attends to parting songs and hymnsOn 31st Dec 1936, In the morning he asked T. S. Sri Bhakti Rakshak Sreedhar Maharaj to sing “শ্রীরূপমঞ্জরীপদ,সেইমোরসম্পদ” of Srila Narottam Thakur (The stalk or peduncle named Sri Rupa of the flower / fruit Srimati Radharani – Her Lotus feet is my treasure) and then asked Sripad Nabin Krishna Vidyalankar to recite with melody Shikshastaka (the 8 stanzas of prayer written by Sri Chaitanya Dev Himself).

His last wishesHe expressed his wishes and directions thus :-

1. Sripad Kunja Behari Vidyabhushan, Superintendent of Sri Gaudiya Math, Calcutta, will be in management of all the Maths for life.

2. That a committee in combination of 10/12 devotees be formed and all of them will earnestly execute their duties for the pleasure of the Lord.

3. That the construction of the Lecture Hall of Swananda Sukhada Kunja already commenced, should be completed.

His acknowledgements, thanks & blessings

4. He eulogised the intelligence of Sri Kunja B. Vidya Bhushan Prabhu and the sympathetic attitude shown to all by Sevabigraha Sripad Narhari Prabhu and himself being sympathised by all.

5. He passed an order that Sri Vidyabhusan Prabhu be duly respected by all.

6. He told Paramananda Vidyaratna that Vidyabhusana Prabhu will be particularly sympathetic to him

Governing Body proposed, next Acharya nominated

7. On 23rd December, in presence of Sripad Sreedhar Maharaj, Sripad Hayagrib Prabhu, Dr. Sripad Krishna Kanti Bhakti Kussum, Sripad Narhari Sevabigraha, just arrived from Cuttack in the morning and other devotees attending him at the time, he enquired about the health of M. M. Sripad Ananta Vasudev Vidyabhusan and expressed his blessings on him with the duty to carry on Haribhajan, unconcernedly to the world averse to Sri Hari, placed for ever under tutelage of the Ashraya Vigraha Sri Rupa and Raghunath.

8. On the last day i. e. on 16th Pous (31st December) in the forenoon he declared and advised Sripad Ananta Vasudev Prabhu to preach and propagate Harikatha and Sri Sundarananda Vidyavinode as well as Srimat Bhakti Sudhakar Prabhu to assist the Acharya in spreading and fulfilling his wishes.

9. He expressed his satisfaction and gratefulness to Sri Bhaktisudhakar Prabhu for his devoted services.

10. He expressed that Sripad Brajeswari Prasad of Patna should be encouraged for services.

The last day

On 31st December 1936,

11. In the afternoon at about 4 P.M. he sent for Sripad Sakhi Charan Roy Bhakti Bijoy and acknowledged to him that he has rendered immense services for Sri Mayapur and as such he is blessed.

Bharati Maharaj.

12. He spoke to Sripad Bharati Maharaj -“You are a practical man, please look after the Mission”. Further said, “Love and rupture – both should have the same end in view. Thakur Narottam lived on the principles of Rupa-Raghunath. It is good to follow that path.”

In an address to all who were present at the time or absent, he said, “Please accept my blessings to you all, present and absent. Please bear in mind, our sole duty and religion is to spread and propagate services of the Lord and of His Devotees”.

1937Disappeared from this earthOn 1st January 1937, early morning at about 5:30 A.M. Thursday he disappeared from this world and joined in the eternal services of the transcendental Leela of the Lord.


Life Of Srila Prabhupad – Prabhupad Glories? ›

He went around the world 12 times. He created a monthly magazine, “Back to Godhead,” which at one point was distributed in excess of one million copies per month. He gave lectures on Srimad-Bhagavatam and Bhagavad-gita As It Is, compiled into 18 volumes of books.

How long did Prabhupada live? ›

A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada
His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupāda
BornAbhay Charan De1 September 1896 Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, British India
Died14 November 1977 (aged 81) Vrindavan, Uttar Pradesh, India
Resting placeSrila Prabhupada's Samadhi Mandir, ISKCON Vrindavan27.57196°N 77.67729°E
15 more rows

What are 3 facts about Srila Prabhupada? ›

Srila Prabhupada set out to America in 1965 and established the International Society for Krishna Consciousness at the age of sixty-nine. He travelled around the world fourteen times, established more than 100 temples of Krishna and initiated more than 10000 disciples into Krishna consciousness.

What is all glories to Sri Krishna? ›

"All glories to the Śrī Kṛṣṇa saṅkīrtana, which cleanses the heart of all the dust accumulated for years and extinguishes the fire of conditional life, of repeated birth and death. This saṅkīrtana movement is the prime benediction for humanity at large because it spreads the rays of the benediction moon.

How much does Srila Prabhupada sleep? ›

Srila Rupa Gosvami, one of Lord Chaitanya's chief disciples, generally slept for only one and a half hours, and sometimes he didn't sleep at all. Srila Prabhupada went to bed at 10:00 P.M. and rose before midnight to write his books. And he would rest for only another hour or two during the day.

Does ISKCON money go to America? ›

Speaking in Allahabad where he was taking part in the Magh Mela, Shankracharya Swaroopanand Saraswati said that ISKCON was being used to send money from India to foreign locations. He said that ISKCON was registered in the USA and money donated to it by Indians went to US.

Did Prabhupada see Krishna? ›

There are thousands and thousands of Krishna temples. Young man: But has actually anybody seen Krishna? Prabhupada: Yes, yes — Just as your father has seen your grandfather. You may not have seen him, but your father can describe him — "My father was like this”.

What are the 26 qualities of Prabhupada? ›

These qualities of a devotee, twenty-six in number, are listed as follows: (1) kind to everyone, (2) does not quarrel with anyone, (3) fixed in the Absolute Truth, (4) equal to everyone, (5) faultless, (6) charitable, (7) mild, (8) clean, (9) simple, (10) benevolent, (11) peaceful, (12) completely attached to Krsna, ( ...

How many disciples did Srila Prabhupada have? ›

Member disciples of A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada
  • Kirtanananda Swami – (1937–2011) initiated 1966.
  • Mukunda Goswami* – initiated 1966.
  • Satsvarupa Dasa Goswami* – initiated 1966.
  • Jayananda Dasa – initiated 1967.
  • Hansadutta Swami – initiated 1967.
  • Tamal Krishna Goswami (1946–2002) – initiated 1968.

What was the daily routine of Srila Prabhupada? ›

At ten A.M., Srila Prabhupada would visit neighboring temples for darshan, purchase vegetables and return by eleven to cook. Using a kerosene burner and a three-tiered cooker, Prabhupada would prepare rice, dahl, potatoes, chapatis and sometimes sabji. He took once a day at noon and at night a cup of hot milk.

What are the 4 rules of Krishna? ›

Initiated devotees within the Krishna consciousness movement vow to chant a minimum quota of the Hare Krishna mantra each day on beads. They also take vows to avoid 1) intoxication, 2) illicit sex, 3) meat eating, and 4) gambling. These are commonly known as the "four regulative principles."

Is Krishna in our heart? ›

Krishna is in our heart even if we don't remember that. We don't have to "keep" Him there—He's there of His own will. He will follow us around, birth after birth, waiting for us to remember Him and turn to Him for help.

Which is the powerful Krishna mantra for success? ›

Sri Krishna Mantra For Success

Om Sri Krishnah sharanam namah: This chant is a call to the beloved Lord Krishna where you pray to him to take you under his shelter, surrendering yourself to him with utmost devotion. This mantra is said to take away all the grief and miseries from your life and mind, giving you peace.

How many hours should we sleep according to Krishna? ›

One should not sleep more than six hours daily.

What time did Krishna wake up? ›

Lord Kṛṣṇa used to lie down with His sixteen thousand wives, but also He would rise up from bed very early in the morning, three hours before sunrise.

Who owns ISKCON now? ›

Currently, Sri Madhu Pandit Dasa is the President – ISKCON – Bangalore; Chairman – Vrindavan Chandrodaya Mandir; and Chairman – Governing Body Commission of the Hare Krishna Movement.. He is also the Founder & Chairman of the Akshaya Patra Foundation.

What is the net income of ISKCON? ›

ISKCON revenue is $2.6M annually.

What is the membership fee of ISKCON in India? ›

At present the donation for life patron is Rs. 35555. Donation may be given in Cash, by Cheque, Bank Transfer, through the internet, or via Credit & Debit Cards.

Where was Krishna last seen? ›

Bhalka Tirtha ( transl. Bhalka pilgrimage), located in Veraval on the western coast of Gujarat, India, is the place where Krishna left his body. It is said that he was killed by an arrow shot by a hunter named Jara, an act referred to in the Puranas as Shri Krishna Nijdham Prasthan Leela.

Why can't we see Krishna? ›

Krishna says in the Bhagavad-gita that He doesn't reveal Himself to everyone. Most people in this material world have no interest in God. They don't want to see him, so for them Krishna is invisible. Only those who surrender to Him in love can expect to see Him in person, and then only by His good wishes.

Why Prabhupada is great? ›

His Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada is considered as India's foremost spiritual ambassador. It was through his spiritual dedication and unprecedented achievements that India's cultural richness was introduced in the West and is now practiced, throughout the world.

Why do we worship Prabhupada? ›

Our Answer: We offer respect to Srila Prabhupada, our guru, because we are indebted to him for giving us knowledge of Krishna, but we don't worship him as God Himself.

What is Krishna Prabhupada faith? ›

Prabhupada writes that a devotee with such faith feels that if he can attain Krishna consciousness, all his desires will be fulfilled. There is nothing more important than the development of Krishna consciousness. A devotee with nishtha may not have attained the goal but is fixed on its importance and value.

What are the four pillars of Dharma Prabhupada? ›

Srila Prabhupada emphasised on it prior to accepting a discipline, and so do any Rasika Vaishnavas. These 4 principles are based on 4 pillars of dharma - austerity, cleanliness, truthfulness and compassion.

Who are the 6 enemies of ISKCON? ›

The mind is always accompanied by six enemies—namely, kāma, krodha, mada, moha, mātsarya and bhaya—that is, lust, anger, intoxication, illusion, envy and fear.

Who is Jesus according to ISKCON? ›

Answer: His Way is the Only Way

Since in the Bible Jesus Christ reveals that He is the son of God, and since in the Bhagavad-gita Krishna reveals that He is God, the father of all living beings, we can conclude that Jesus Christ is the son of Lord Krishna.

Who is the biggest guru of ISKCON? ›

Jayapataka Swami (IAST: Jaya-patākā Svāmī); born on April 9, 1949) is a Vaishnava swami and a religious leader for the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON).

What is Srila Prabhupada Favourite dish? ›

After he was finished taking chapatis with his lunch he would open the small tiffan that had the rice in it. Srila Prabhupada would usually take 3 to 6 chapatis with his meal. More often than not he took 3-4 chapatis. He enjoyed the remainder of his meal with steaming hot rice.

How to please Prabhupada? ›

Big Service and Sincere Service

Śrīla Prabhupāda was pleased with his big-achiever disciples, but he was also pleased whenever a devotee cooked a nice offering for Kṛṣṇa, chanted Hare Kṛṣṇa nicely, or brought up children carefully in Kṛṣṇa consciousness.

What is first initiation by Prabhupada? ›

Prabhupāda: Beginning. If you begin, agree to execute Kṛṣṇa consciousness, that is called initiation. Initiation means that he must be free from all kinds of sinful activities. These four principles, the pillars of sinful activities, are four in number: illicit sex life, meat-eating, intoxication and gambling.

What are the 4 sinful activities in Bhagavad Gita? ›

As soon as the devotee surrenders unto Kṛṣṇa's lotus feet, he is certainly relieved from all sinful activities and their results. The four basic sinful activities are summarized as illicit sex, intoxication, gambling and meat-eating.

Does chanting Hare Krishna remove sins? ›

The chanting of Lord Hari's holy Name just once, however, delivers the sinner of all his sins. (Vishnu-Dutas said) By following the Vedic ritualistic ceremonies or undergoing atonement, sinful men do not become as purified as by chanting the holy name of Lord Hari.

What are Hare Krishnas not allowed to do? ›

Believers devote their lives to serving Krishna and spend several hours each day chanting the Hare Krishna mantra. They are vegetarians, and they renounce the use of alcohol and drugs. Sex is allowed only for procreation within marriage.

What is the end life of Krishna? ›

Mistaking the sleeping Krishna for a deer, a hunter named Jara shoots an arrow towards Krishna's foot that fatally injures him. Krishna forgives Jara and dies. The pilgrimage (tirtha) site of Bhalka in Gujarat marks the location where Krishna is believed to have died.

Where do Lord Krishna love now? ›

Situated at the heart of Braj or Brij-bhoomi, Mathura is mostly called as Shri Krishna Janma-Bhoomi.

Why is Lord Krishna loved by everyone? ›

In fact, our vedic literature also says that Lord Krishna is our original friend from whom we don't have to hide or mold the truth and also, the only one who can guide us to the right path. As this world is his creation and we all are his creatures, our friendship with him is soulful and blissful.

How to impress shri Krishna? ›

If you like to easily please Krishna, please respect His devotees/ vaishnavas and offer pranams to them. Krishna loves His devotees much. So, if you honour and help His sincere and selfless devotees, Krishna gets pleased. To get the mercy of Krishna, you have to serve the vaishnavas.

How to get blessings from Krishna? ›

Take bath and sit in front of a picture of Lord Krishna. Chant the chosen mantra in multiples of 108 times keeping count with a Tulsi mala. Always rotate the rosary on your three fingers (joining together little finger, ring finger and middle finger) with the thumb while keeping the index finger curled.

What are the 3 main mantras to be successful in life? ›

The Three Success Mantras: Attitude, Time and Goals.

How many times did Krishna eat? ›

Why Lord Krishna is offered a feast of 56 meals and where to find it?

What is the best time to wake up according to Bhagavad Gita? ›

In fact, Bhagavad Gita recommends that one should wake up at-least an hour before the sun rise for a happy and healthy life because the morning hours are said to be in the sattva-guna, the mode of goodness.

Can we keep Lord Krishna in bedroom? ›

To answer your question, Yes. You can put a Radha Krishna photo in the bedroom or hang it on the wall. If the room belongs to a married couple, the picture can increase the love and harmony between two people. Make sure to pick a painting where true love and harmony between Radha Krishna are depicted.

How many hours of sleep is enough according to Sadhguru? ›

So if you have a body, that if you use it for 12 hours, it sleeps for another 12 hours, it needs 12 hours of maintenance. Sleep is maintenance time, you know?

What position do yogis like to stay in? ›

A Yogi Sleeps on the Side

But… sleeping on the side consistently may also lead one more toward a yogic life. According to both the timeless Vedic tradition and modern science, side sleeping is ideal for the physical body.

How many hours do yogis sleep? ›

Our Ancient Hindu scriptures recommend us to sleep between 9 to 3:30.

What was Krishna's age when he died? ›

8) Shri Krishna lived 125 years, 08 months & 07 days. 9) Date of Death : 18th February 3102BC. 10) When Krishna was 89 years old; the Mega War (Kurukshetra War) took place. 11) He died 36 years after the Kurukshetra War.

Why did Lord Krishna cry first time? ›

Yes. Lord Krishna wept at Karna's death because Karna was kind, loyal and understood his dharma but was just unlucky.

Do we meet Krishna every night? ›

According to folklore, Krishna visits here every night and adorn Radha with his own hands. You will see a bed inside and several ornaments and makeup products close to the bed.

How old was Prabhupada when he died? ›

Which is the oldest ISKCON? ›

The first Hare Krishna commune, New Vrindavan (West Virginia), was established by Prabhupada in 1968. Since then, ISKCON has established more than 800 centers all over the world and has millions of followers.

Did Prabhupada have children? ›

How old was Prabhupada when he came to America? ›

In 1965, at the age of sixty-nine, Srila Prabhupada traveled to New York City aboard a cargo ship. The journey was treacherous, and the elderly spiritual teacher suffered two heart attacks aboard ship.

What is the age of Kaliyuga ISKCON? ›

Kali-yuga, the Age of Quarrel, is a period of time lasting 432,000 years and characterized by hypocrisy, degradation, and an overall rise in vice. It is the last and worst of the four great ages (Satya-, Treta-, Dwapara-, and Kali-yugas) mentioned in ancient Vedic literature.

When did Prabhupada go to America? ›

Today marks the anniversary of Srila Prabhupada's arrival in the U.S.A. in 1965. Several years after Srila Prabhupada first arrived in America, a disciple discovered the diary he had kept during his passage from India on the steamship Jaladuta.

What is the current age of Brahma ISKCON? ›

Brahma lives for 100 of his years called a Maha Kalpa, and his one day (12 hours) is called a Kalpa, which is 4.32 billion years in duration. Thus his 100 years is 311.040 trillion years on planet Earth (4.32x2x30x12x100=311.040).

How many ISKCON followers in usa? ›

The Hare Krishna movement in the US has grown rapidly and today its followers number about one million.

What is the biggest ISKCON in the world? ›

Sri Mayapur Chandrodaya Mandir
Governing bodyISKCON
LocationMayapur, Nadia district
StateWest Bengal
16 more rows

How much is the membership of ISKCON? ›

At present the donation for life patron is Rs. 35555. Donation may be given in Cash, by Cheque, Bank Transfer, through the internet, or via Credit & Debit Cards.

Who was the female disciple of Srila Prabhupada? ›

Visakha Devi Dasi received an Associate in Applied Science degree, with honors, from Rochester Institute of Technology in 1970. In 1971 she became a disciple of Srila Prabhupada and has served him since then through her writing, photography, and filmmaking.

Did Srila Prabhupada disappear? ›

His Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada departed from this world on November 14, 1977, in Vrindavan, India, in his rooms at the Krishna-Balarama temple, surrounded by hundreds of his disciples chanting Hare Krishna.

Why did Prabhupada leave India? ›

In September of 1965, Prabhupada left India and traveled to New York City at the age of sixty-nine with the goal of generating a Krishna consciousness movement.

Who owns ISKCON? ›

His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Srila Prabhupada, Founder Acharya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness, inaugurated the Krishna Balaram Mandir in Sri Vrindavana Dhama and installed the most beautiful Deities of Sri Sri Krishna Balaram, Sri Sri Radha Shyamasundar, Lalita Devi and Vishakha ...

What is the religion of Hare Krishna? ›

The Hare Krishna movement is a branch of Hinduism, formally known as Gaudiya Vaishnavism. Its name comes from its chant — Hare Krishna — which devotees repeat over and over. It was started in the 16th century by Sri Chaitanya of Bengal (1486-1533).


1. Lord Caitanya - Giving Life by Srila Prabhupada (CC Adi Lila 07.01) at Mayapur, March 1, 1974
(Hare Krsna TV)
2. Last Words of Srila Prabhupada #shorts
(Gaudiya Rasamrita)
3. SHORT FILM | SRILA PRABHUPADA - The Pure Devotee | ISKCON Founder |Srila Prabhupada 125th Vyasa Puja
(Hare Krsna TV)
4. 06-016 The Glories Of Srila Narottama Das Thakur & King Kulashekar-1 by HH Radhanath Swami
5. "Glories of Srila Prabhupada" by HG Gauranga prabhu
(Bhaktin Shivangi)
6. Pastimes of Srila Prabhupada | Amarendra Prabhu | 11th Aug 2019 | ISKCON Juhu
(Amarendra Dāsa Official)


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